Rasentypes and grass types

Every year in spring, the garden owners usually enjoy the first tailorous sunbeams as on their own green areas, which wake up slowly and carefully again into active growth and a juicy appearance. However, lawn is not equal to lawn - the choice, requirements and needs in terms of lawn types are as varied as different.

Depending on your own claim to his rich green, the nature friend can choose its appropriate grass variant for the in-house green oasis and put together yourself. Since a lawn with his fresh and pleasant green often considered as the heart of the garden, he is hardly indispensable as an important part of the garden design. The species and variety variety of lawn is now very overwhelming, a precise variety of varieties should therefore be considered well and planned.

A particularly important prerequisite for a successful cultivation of lawns is the right choice of an optimal shelter location, which is aligned as exactly as possible on the respective application. As a further criterion to the special soil conditions (dry or rather affinous to steamed), the individual lighting conditions (sunny - shady) are of importance. In addition, it is important to allow the everyday stress of the area as a coin-shaped criterion to be included in decision-making.

The type of use and associated care expenditure should already be well careful when choosing the lawn. So the lawn is both as a purely decorative element as well as grass mat for athletic activity or just as a playground for children a great center of each home garden.

What is grass?

Lawn is a composite mixture of different grasses and different plants. Since the individual grasses have different properties, such as the coloring, the growth strength or the care needs, it depends on the perfectly possible grass on the appropriate mixture and composition.

Officially, at the German Bundessortenamt, about 350 different lawn grasses are listed, which are grown specifically for fitting use. There are some dozens of new grass varieties per year. The three most important grass species include Wiesenrispe, Redschwingel and German Weidelgrass. Almost 90 percent of the listed grass varieties have their origin in this trio of sweet grass.

Shaving types

Basically, two different ways exist to create a lawn: by sewing in grass seeds or the laying of a rollrase. If the variant is preferred per seed, it may require a period of time of up to a calendar year before the lawn has a high-quality density.

A rolling grass, on the other hand, only requires approximately two weeks for growth and from the beginning has some growth density. In return, the same-handed grass is relatively cheaper to the rolling terrace. The latter is therefore more likely to lay down for the expense for laying on smaller areas.

The previous selection of seeds must be paid primarily to the quality level. A good seed mixture is recognizable by the abbreviation RSM on the packaging. This stands for control seed mixture and is a little higher than the average, but in length regarding quality and sustainability the better choice.

For cheap mixtures, forage grasses are usually mixed, which exert a displacement effect on the grass grids. Thus, in the initially no restriction growing growing lawn, holes and bales are produced after a certain time, in which then preferably wild herbs, such as dandelion or daisies, expel.

In a regulatory seed mixture, however, only proven grass types are used. In contrast to the cheaper lawn seeds, there are also more stringent criteria for purity and minimum germination. A high-quality control seed mixture is optically indicated by a green label with a precise listing.

Which RSM call which lawsons?

The designation of the rule seed mixtures should serve the consumer in the absence of an official statutory regulation as a guide to the selection. Below are some RSM in combination with the common lawn varieties:

Zierrasen = RSM 1.1

A particularly fine-leafed grass.

Usage grases in dry plates = RSM 2.2

This mixture is particularly heat-friendly and simultaneously forms a very profound rooting. The grasses have a slightly coarse-leaf texture.

Usage Rases - Gambling Control = RSM 2.3

These variants of lawn varieties are often used in home gardens, in game and lying meadows.

Usage Rases - Herbal Rasements = RSM 2.4

Main sites are mainly public green areas, housing estates and private home gardens. They have a high herbal content and are considered to be particularly easy-care.

Sportstrases - New System = RSM 3.1

This variety is used for the newly investment of sports facilities and their areas.

Sportstrases - Nachaat = RSM 3.2

This variant is used for the after-sowing or regeneration of sports areas.

Parking Rases = RSM 5.1

An optimal lawn mix for use on gravel areas and other parking area area.

Roof greening = RSM 6.1

With a very high herbal content (up to 35 percent) excellently suitable for intensive roof greening.

Ornamental grass


  • Resilience: low
  • Fertilization requirements: medium
  • Nursing claim: high
  • Optimal cutting height: about two centimeters
  • Cutting frequency: one to two cuts / week

This rage type is, so to speak, the "diva" among the greens green areas in the garden rich. The particularly dense and carpeted grass scar from fine-flowered grasses ensures intensive-luminous green color. However, its low trickding resistance is a little suitable for playing children or extensive garden parties - it is more likely to be a representative "ornamental" as a usable underground.

An increased working and care effort with frequent mowing, fertilizing and regular removal of weeds is mandatory, but ensures as a result for a long-lasting intensive-green lawn with a flawless look. He also needs a full sun location to get the optimal development.

The most famous representative in the field of this legs are probably the so-called "English lawn". Especially this type of stress-sensitive lawn for the highest demands must be treated as careful and carefully as carefully as possible in the first years after sowing. Game activities, more frequently and degradation of furniture and repeated entering the lawn surface should be avoided as much as possible. In addition, a steady and sufficient water supply for a fancy and elegant appearance is elementary.

In the zierrasen, mostly bouquet grasses, Horstrotschwingel and hairlone swinging is used as a sweet grass.

Net government / use grass


  • Nursing claim: medium
  • Resilience: high
  • Fertilization requirements: high
  • Optimum cutting height: 3-4 cm
  • Cutting frequency: a cut every one to two weeks

The commonly used as a game or house lawn useful lawn is the most common appearance under the lawns. It is considered functional, extremely dry-friendly and requires relatively manageable care. The sports crases as a durable special form is above all very robust and resistant, but must be sewn more often.

The nationwide grows everywhere, except but shady places. He is solar and tolerate a lot of dryness. In his lawn areas, mostly Wiesenrispe and persisting or occasionally occasionally become German Weithelgrass.

Shadow lawn


  • Resilience: medium
  • Nursing claim: medium
  • Fertilization requirements: high
  • Cutting frequency: 1 cut / week
  • Optimum cutting height: 4-5 cm

This seed mix consists mainly of grasses, which require relatively little solar radiation as growth pulse for optimal growth. This grass is very sensitive to increased lighting effect. The variety is therefore predominantly suitable for individual garden areas shaded by individual trees, hedges, walls or adjacent buildings.

Due to the lower light incidence, the shadow grass forms less moss and weeds, but requires intensive care with water and fertilizer. Shadow grass should not be mowed too often and only cut along. In his mixtures, sweet grass is usually included as the Hainrispe.

Landscape grass


  • Nursing claim: medium
  • Resilience: medium-high
  • Fertilization requirements: medium-high
  • Cutting frequency: 1 cut every 1-2 weeks
  • Optimum cutting height: 4-5 cm

This type of lawn is usually used on larger public green spaces. Through his slow growth, it is less nursing and provides good protection against erosion. Furthermore, it is characterized by a low nutrient requirement and high weather resistance.

The varieties of Fioringras, Redschwingel and Wiesenrispe are used as a robust representative in the field of lawn types in the seed mixture for landscape gardens.

Rolling ground

The rolling grass labeled as a prefabricated baste is a grass breeding, which is supplied as a rolled execution of the provider and rolled out in its own garden and climbed or applied or applied. The substrate must be freed from stones, lawnrests and further vegetation or similar unevenness thoroughly so that the lawn can grow exactly. A profound loosening and pre-irritation of the associated soil is also recommended.

So the garden friend gets fast and uncomplicated to his new lawn, but must operate a significantly higher effort than when acquiring an ordinary lawn mixture to the self-seed.

Frequent lawn grasses and grass varieties in the lawn

German Weidelgrass

  • Very robust and advanced
  • dryness
  • forms a dense scar
  • germs very fast
  • very fast initial development
  • Dense and finely branched root

Regenerating Weidelgrass

  • timely germination
  • immediate growth
  • Stable footing strength
  • Pretty dense root
  • Best ability for regeneration


  • dryness
  • very durable
  • Insensitive to burdens
  • Lower and slower grew
  • forms underground foothills
  • sensitive to dryness


  • middle resilience
  • is strong Horste
  • very sealed
  • Especially location-independent adjustment
  • Fine and dense root
  • very dryness
  • displaces weeds

Commonly available in the variants Horst-Redschwingel, Foothill Rotschwingel and Short Speaker Redschwingel.


  • middle resilience
  • mid-tight root
  • very adaptable
  • very dryness
  • Roots deep
  • shady

In the varieties of pipe oscillate, hardships and mean sheep oscillate available.


  • middle resilience
  • profound root
  • forms underground foothills
  • undemanding
  • Strong education of felt
  • Consume a significant amount of water / nutrients